Friday Five: Merck for Mothers, Gates Foundation, mental health, antibiotics, housing

Each Friday, I use five sentences to summarize and comment on five important, interesting, or just plain amusing health stories from the week. Merck for Mothers expands to the US

The US’s high infant mortality rate is often cited as an indicator of our nation’s poor health. However, the maternal mortality rate is often ignored while the number of pregnancy-related deaths has doubled since 1990. Pharmaceutical giant Merck established its Merck for Mothers overseas to help reduce maternal mortality and has just announced it will import those programs to work with expectant mothers in the US. It will provide $6 million in funding for initiatives in ten states and three cities, including Baltimore and Philadelphia. The project will also work to standardize procedures for pregnancy-related emergencies.

Maternal mortality by GDP per capita. I've highlighted a few countries for comparison. While the US does have a comparatively low maternal mortality rate, it is far above other countries with similar GDPs. The size of the circles represent the size of the population, and the color indicates the geographic region. Source: Gapminder

 

The Gates Foundation funds all kinds of new public health ideas

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is dedicated to improving public health around the world, and its Grand Challenges Explorations is a way to promote innovation. This week, the Foundation announced the 81 winners of this year’s $100,000 grants. All of the grants awarded fall into these categories:

  • Increasing the interoperability of good data (ex: improving humanitarian information management in crises)
  • Develop the next generation of condom (ex: condom applicator that can minimize interruption)
  • Labor saving innovations for women smallholder farmers (ex: participatory reality TV show encouraging the use of draught animals)
  • New approaches for the detection and treatment of selected neglected tropical diseases (ex: artificial snail decoy to confuse a parasite)
  • The ‘One Health’ concept: bringing together human and animal health for new solutions (ex: new canine rabies vaccine)

Non-specialist health care workers in developing nations are successful at mental health care

A report published this week shows good news for mental health in low- and mid-income countries. Examining 38 studies, researchers found that non-specialists (such as doctors and nurses rather than psychologists and psychiatrists), who have some mental health training, have been successful in alleviating mental, neurological, and substance abuse issues. Compared to untrained health care workers, patients of trained workers had a positive affect on depression, youth PTSD, and problem drinkers. The researchers caution against making assumptions about what kinds of interventions might work. But the bright side is that training primary care workers to consider mental health needs could help get much-needed care to people who may otherwise go without. You can read the report—and a plain language summary—here.

Tonight’s nightmare is…bacteria that no antibiotic can kill

New Zealander Brian Pool died in July, but the specifics of his death were just reported this week. While in teaching in Vietnam, he underwent surgery and contracted KPC-Oxa 48, a strain of bacteria that is resistant to all antibiotics. That’s right, all of them. New Zealand authorities were strict about quarantine, so there’s little worry that the bug will spread from this particular incident. If you’d like to learn about all the things at risk if we lose the ability to kill bacteria, Maryn McKenna has a terrifying run down.

Why we need public housing

I’ve recently become interested in the importance of safe, stable, and affordable housing as a prerequisite for good health. Ensuring everyone has their basic needs met is perhaps the most important public health issue. How can anyone expect to have a successful smoking cessation intervention if participants don’t know where they’ll sleep tonight? Now that I’m paying attention to the issue, I’m seeing it everywhere. This infographic explains how public housing can be a part of the solution.

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